Nevada is famous for many reasons, not least of all Las Vegas, but it has a lot more to offer. The desert state has a reasonable cost of living, a thriving economy, no state income tax, and many unique sites.
Yet, even with all the perks, Nevada has the fifth-highest property crime rate in the mountain region.
Nevada has specific requirements regarding security cameras and video surveillance. That’s why it’s a good idea to learn about the security camera laws in Nevada before installing or upgrading your security system.
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Are Security Cameras & Video Surveillance Legal in Nevada?
The use of video surveillance in Nevada is legal. However, using any device to record, obtain, share, or use oral conversations without the consent of at least one person participating in the communication is illegal in Nevada.
This means that you can legally record an oral conversation in Nevada if you are a contributor or have previous authorization from one of the people engaged. Still, you must have the approval of all parties concerned to record wire communications.
2024 Video Surveillance Laws in Nevada
Most of the laws related to video surveillance in Nevada pertain to NRS 200.604, which is the law that prohibits taking photos or videos of other people without their consent in places where there is a reasonable expectation of privacy.
Nevada Audio & Video Penalties
In Nevada, secretly recording an oral communication without the consent of at least one party is prohibited. If Nevada’s video surveillance rules are not followed, fines and civil penalties may be applied as follows:
- First offense: Violating Nevada’s video recording laws is considered a gross misdemeanor for a first offense.
- Second or subsequent offense: This is considered a category E felony. Gross misdemeanors are punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 364 days, a fine not exceeding $2,000, or both.
Is Nevada a One-Party Consent State?
Nevada is considered both a One-Party and an All-Party Consent State in that at least one person or all persons (depending on the presiding law) involved in the recorded communication must give permission.
Technically, Nevada has a “one-party consent” law, which means recording conversations of individuals is illegal without the other person’s consent. However, the Nevada Supreme Court has interpreted it as an all-party consent law, thus making Nevada a so-called “Mixed Consent State. ”
While this may be a bit confusing, a general rule of thumb that will avoid most legal challenges is to avoid recording audio without permission of in-person conversation or other party.
All-party Consent State in Nevada Law
An all-party, also known as a two-party consent state, means that for the audio recording to be taken legally, all parties involved must communicate that recording the conversation is okay. As such, state law requires that all parties in a conversation consent to audio-electronic communication.
Nevada One-Party Consent State
Nevada 36, other states, and Washington D.C. are considered a one-party consent state. Regarding one-party consent, the conventional rule is that you are authorized to record it if you are there during the conversation.
Nevada prohibits recording, accessing, sharing, or using oral conversations without the approval of at least one person involved. This includes video surveillance cameras with audio and two-way talk functions.
Is Audio Surveillance Legal in Nevada?
Under Nevada law, it is illegal to secretly record an oral communication without the consent of at least one party. The Nevada Supreme Court ruled that all parties must consent to a recorded telephonic conversation. An illegal recording is a felony that can also result in civil penalties.
Nevada law prohibits the intrusion of privacy using “listening devices” unless one of the parties consents. The good news is that modern security cameras can now be used as listening devices, as most have audio and two-way talk features.
Surveillance Cameras in Las Vegas
Surveillance cameras in Las Vegas are widely used. As of 2024, the latest figures indicate that Las Vegas has 10,159 surveillance cameras for every 653,843 individuals, which amounts to 15.54 cameras per 1,000 people.
Thirty-seven surveillance cameras were installed along Las Vegas Boulevard, from Russell Road to Sahara Avenue, with a $350,000 federal grant. In 2024, 6 surveillance cameras were added to monitor the area. The overt, pan-tilt-zoom surveillance cameras were attached to traffic poles and casino roofs to provide law enforcement with clear footage along the boulevard. The footage is stored for 14 days per Federal Laws and is an excellent example of the security value of video surveillance.
In Nevada, Do I Need to Post a Video Surveillance Notice?
No, but you may post a notice. Based on the recording laws of Nevada, it is legal to record video surveillance, and you are not required to post a notification of video surveillance on your property. While you are not required to post a video surveillance notice in private areas, doing so is a good idea for various reasons.
It is not only a courtesy for businesses to notify their customers and employees, but studies have shown that people are less likely to commit crimes if they are aware that video monitoring is in place.
However, wire communications and wire conversations should follow laws and regulations, so you must get the consent of those in-person conversations to record audio.
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Nevada Capturing Image of Private Area
NRS 200.604 is the Nevada law that prohibits taking photos or videos of other people in a state of undress without their permission. The statute states that a person shall not knowingly and intentionally capture an image of another person’s private area without the other person’s consent and under circumstances in which the other person has a reasonable expectation of privacy.
In Nevada, the penalty for “video voyeurism” can vary from a $2,000 fine for the first offense to a possible one-year jail sentence for subsequent offenses.
What are The Workplace Surveillance Laws in Nevada?
In Nevada, workplace surveillance laws allow surveillance cameras to be used only for legitimate business reasons. As a result, employers can legally monitor their employees in various work situations.
For example, cameras placed in areas where official business takes place or high-traffic areas are all valid for workplace video surveillance.
Nevada Workplace Privacy
Employers are prohibited from using video surveillance to monitor union activities or private areas. Aside from that, federal law permits workplace surveillance, even without the approval of the employee, as long as no crimes are committed.
Are there any restrictions on where I can place security cameras on my property in Nevada?
While you have the right to install cameras on your property, you should avoid placing them in areas where individuals have a reasonable expectation of privacy, such as bathrooms, bedrooms, or changing rooms.
Can I record audio along with video on my security cameras?
Nevada law prohibits recording private conversations without the consent of all parties involved. If your security cameras capture audio, you should ensure that you have the proper consent of those being recorded.
It is also a similar case for telephone conversations. Recording conversations using a cell phone needs conversation consent. A court order can be issued if you illegally record conversations in Nevada.
In Nevada, security camera laws revolve around the expectation of privacy, the two-party consent requirement for audio recording, and the legal use of video surveillance in public places.
Based on Nevada law, they follow a One-Party Consent State and an All-Party Consent State, which means that at least one person or all persons involved in the recorded communication must have prior consent (depending on the ruling legislation).
It is illegal in Nevada to secretly record an oral communication without the approval of at least one party (wire conversations). Fines, criminal charges, and civil penalties may be imposed if Nevada’s video surveillance requirements are not followed.
It’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the state’s video surveillance legislation and requirements before installing or upgrading your security system in Nevada.
Hiring a professional security installer will also ensure that your installation meets all state and federal regulations.