Who wouldn’t want to live in a beautiful state flanked on one side by the ocean and the other by desert and mountains? There is a reason why Oregon is home to some of the world’s top corporations and a diverse economy that keeps attracting new visitors.
Despite its natural beauty and thriving economy, Oregon has the second-highest property crime rate in the Pacific Northwest. Since larceny theft accounts for more than 80% of property crime in Oregon, it’s understandable that residents would turn to security cameras for added protection.
In this article, we will clarify the security camera laws in Oregon to give you a better idea of the video surveillance laws in the Beaver State.
All About Security Camera Laws in Oregon
In the state of Oregon, the use of video surveillance is legally allowed in areas that are considered publicly accessible, such as entrances, hallways, and parking lots.
Property owners and businesses are generally within their rights to install and operate security cameras in these locations to enhance safety and security. In such areas, individuals typically do not have a reasonable expectation of privacy, as they are in spaces where others can observe their actions.
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What is Considered Illegal Surveillance in Oregon?
In Oregon, it is considered illegal to record, photograph, videotape, or other visual recordings of another person’s intimate area without their consent. While video surveillance is legal, you can get into trouble if your video surveillance equipment has audio recording capabilities.
Reasonable Expectation of Privacy
A person’s reasonable expectation of privacy, also known as the “right to be left alone,” means that someone who intentionally compromises another’s interest in keeping their affairs confidential can be held liable for that exposure or intrusion.
Recent Video Surveillance Laws in Oregon State
While no significant video surveillance legislation was passed in 2024, Oregon lawmakers adopted a bill requiring participants on video calls to tell everyone else on the call if they intend to record it. So, while a rule already prohibited unannounced recording of in-person discussions, it did not apply to video conferencing platforms.
Oregon Audio & Video Penalties
While video surveillance is legal in Oregon, if your system has audio recording capabilities, you may be breaking the law if you conduct surveillance without sufficient notice or in an area where a person reasonably expects privacy. These are the following video surveillance laws reg, regulations, and penalties in Oregon:
- Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 165.535, 165.540. Oregon requires the consent of at least one party for the lawful recording or disclosure to record electronic communications.
- Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 165.535, 165.540. In Oregon, you can lawfully record electronic discussions with the consent of one party, but recording an audio conversation requires the consent of all parties involved (in person).
- You do not need permission to record publicly available electronic communications.
Is Oregon a One-Party Consent State?
Oregon is considered both a One-Party and an All-Party Consent State in that at least one person or all persons (depending on the presiding law) involved in the recorded communication must give permission.
Except in specific cases, such as when all parties reasonably should have known they were being recorded, recording in-person discussions needs the consent of all participants. An illegal recording is a misdemeanor resulting in civil liability and unwanted disruptions.
Surveillance Cameras in Oregon
Oregonians use security cameras for the same reasons that homeowners and business owners count on video surveillance worldwide. Surveillance cameras in Oregon serve to increase security while also improving the general safety of businesses.
In addition, security cameras are essential for the almost 43,000 small businesses that operate in the Portland Metro region in a city like Portland.
Can My Neighbor Legally Point a Security Camera at My Property in Oregon?
In most cases, your neighbor can legally point them toward your property; however, in locations with a legitimate expectation of privacy, your neighbor does not have the right to record you or anybody else without your consent.
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What are Oregon’s Workplace Video & Audio Surveillance Laws?
Oregon workplace surveillance laws include provisions employers must consider when implementing an integrated video surveillance system. In Oregon, workplace surveillance is perfectly legal because employees do not expect privacy.
Authorized personnel can view the video recording in certain circumstances, but based on video surveillance laws of Oregon, it is illegal to publicize it without the consent of all parties.
Are Hidden Cameras Legal in Oregon?
Hidden camera guidelines in Oregon are similar to those in other states. You can do whatever you want with your home, including installing security cameras.
However, it is a misdemeanor to photograph or record a person without consent in a place with a reasonable expectation of privacy. Hidden cameras are used to keep a watchful eye on your premises under different circumstances, but they should not compromise their legality.
Do I need permission to install security cameras on my private property in Oregon?
No, you generally do not need permission to install security cameras on your private property in Oregon. Property owners have the freedom and right to monitor and record activities on their property.
Can I use security camera footage as evidence in legal proceedings in Oregon?
Yes, security camera footage can be used as evidence in Oregon’s legal proceedings, including criminal and civil cases. However, it must be relevant and obtained legally to be admissible in court.
However, it is general knowledge that the parties involved should have consent before making use.
Do I need a permit to install security cameras in Oregon?
In most cases, you do not need a permit to install security cameras on your private property in Oregon. However, you should check with your local municipality or homeowners’ association for any specific regulations that may apply in your area.
Oregon is a One-Party Consent State and an All-Party Consent State, which means that at least one person or all persons involved in the recorded communication must consent (depending on the ruling legislation).
It is illegal in Oregon to secretly record an oral communication without the approval of at least one party. Fines and civil penalties may be imposed if Oregon’s video surveillance requirements are not followed. If you’re looking for a security camera installer who knows all the Oregon regulations, reach out to us!
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